Linux下的OSS音頻介面編程

火星人 @ 2014-03-26 , reply:0
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CODE:
/*
Name: SndKit.c
Copyright: GPLv2
Author: rockins(ybc2084@163.com)
Date: 15-10-06 18:22
Description: implent raw sound record/play
run: ./SndKit [-h] [-d device] [-c channel] [-b bits] [-f hz] [-l len] <-r|-p file>
e.g.:
./SndKit -h show help information
./SndKit -r record.wav record audio from microphone(/dev/dsp)
./SndKit -d /dev/dsp -p record.wav playback record.wav via /dev/dsp
./SndKit -b 8 -f 22 -r reacord.wav record audio in 8 bit & 22k hz
./SndKit -d /dev/dsp -c 2 -r record.wav record audio in /dev/dsp and stereo
./SndKit -r -l 40 record.wav record 40k audio data
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <linux/soundcard.h> /*for OSS style sound programing */
#define TRUE 1
#define FALSE 0
#define FMT8BITS AFMT_U8 /*unsigned 8 bits(for almost PC) */
#define FMT16BITS AFMT_S16_LE /*signed 16 bits,little endian */
#define FMT8K 8000 /*default sampling rate */
#define FMT11K 11025 /*11,22,44,48 are three pop rate */
#define FMT22K 22050
#define FMT44K 44100
#define FMT48K 48000
#define MONO 1
#define STEREO 2
#define ACT_RECORD 0
#define ACT_PLAY 1
#define DFT_SND_DEV "/dev/dsp"
#define DFT_SND_FMT FMT8BITS
#define DFT_SND_SPD FMT8K
#define DFT_SND_CHN MONO
#define DFT_LEN 1024 /*default record length:40k */
#define BUFF_SIZE 512 /*buffer size:512 Bytes */
/************** function prototype ********************/
void Usage(void);
int OpenDevice(const char *, unsigned int);
int OpenFile(const char *, unsigned int);
int CloseDevice(unsigned int);
int CloseFile(unsigned int);
/************** function implementation **************/
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
unsigned int snd_fmt = DFT_SND_FMT; /*sound format,bits */
unsigned int snd_chn = DFT_SND_CHN; /*sound channel number */
unsigned int snd_spd = DFT_SND_SPD; /*sound speed,frequency */
unsigned char *s_file = NULL; /*file hold sound data */
unsigned char *snd_device = DFT_SND_DEV; /*sound device */
unsigned int recd_or_play = ACT_PLAY; /*flag(default play) */
unsigned char buff[BUFF_SIZE]; /*sound buffer */
unsigned long len = DFT_LEN * 1024; /*record or play length(k) */
int snd_fd; /*sound device descriptor */
int s_fd; /*sound data file descrit */
ssize_t n; /*bytes already in or out */
ssize_t nRD; /*bytes readin */
ssize_t nWR; /*bytes write out */
unsigned int opt_chr; /*hold cli option */
unsigned int opt_err = FALSE; /*indicate whether parse option error */
/*parse cli option via getopt routine */
optind = 0; /*set optindex to 0 */
while ((opt_chr = getopt(argc, argv, "hd:c:b:f:l:r:p:")) != -1) {
switch (opt_chr) {
case 'h':
Usage();
return (0); /*return, 0 denote success */
break;
case 'd':
snd_device = optarg; /*sound device name */
break;
case 'c':
if (atoi(optarg) == 1) /*select channel number */
snd_chn = MONO;
else if (atoi(optarg) == 2)
snd_chn = STEREO;
else {
opt_err = 1; /*error occur */
fprintf(stderr, "wrong channel setting,"
"should be 1 or 2(default 1,MONO)\n");
}
break;
case 'b':
if (atoi(optarg) == 8) /*select data bit */
snd_fmt = FMT8BITS;
else if (atoi(optarg) == 16)
snd_fmt = FMT16BITS;
else {
opt_err = 1; /*error occur */
fprintf(stderr, "wrong bits setting,"
"should be 8 or 16(default 8)\n");
}
break;
case 'f':
if (atoi(optarg) == 8)
snd_spd = FMT8K; /*sampling rate:8kbps */
else if (atoi(optarg) == 11)
snd_spd = FMT11K; /*smapling rate:11.025k */
else if (atoi(optarg) == 22)
snd_spd = FMT22K; /*sampling rate:22.050k */
else if (atoi(optarg) == 44)
snd_spd = FMT44K; /*sampling rate:44.100k */
else if (atoi(optarg) == 48)
snd_spd = FMT48K; /*sampling rate:48k */
else {
opt_err = 1; /*error occur */
fprintf(stderr, "wrong sampling rate,"
"should be 8,11,22,or 44(default 8kbps)\n");
}
break;
case 'l':
len = atoi(optarg) * 1024; /*record length(k) */
break;
case 'r':
recd_or_play = ACT_RECORD;
s_file = optarg; /*file to record sound */
break;
case 'p':
recd_or_play = ACT_PLAY;
s_file = optarg; /*file to play sound */
break;
case '?':
opt_err = 1;
fprintf(stderr, "unknown option:%c\n", optopt);
break;
default:
opt_err = 1;
fprintf(stderr, "getopt error:%d\n", opterr);
break;
}
}
/*check if cli option parsed right*/
if (opt_err || argc < 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "parse command option failed!!!\n"
"run ./SndKit -h for help\n");
return (-1);
}
/*open device */
if ((snd_fd = OpenDevice(snd_device, recd_or_play)) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "cannot open device %s:%s\n", snd_device,
strerror(errno));
return (-1);
}
/*open sound data file */
if ((s_fd = OpenFile(s_file, recd_or_play)) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "cannot open sound file %s:%s\n", s_file,
strerror(errno));
return (-1);
}
/*set sound format */
if (SetFormat(snd_fd, snd_fmt, snd_chn, snd_spd) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "cannot set %s in bit %d, channel %d, speed %d\n",
snd_device, snd_fmt, snd_chn, snd_spd);
return (-1);
}
/*do real action:record or playback */
if (recd_or_play == ACT_RECORD) { /*record sound into data file*/
n = 0;
while (n < len) {
nRD = 0; /*amount read from sound device */
if ((nRD = read(snd_fd, buff, BUFF_SIZE)) < 0) {
perror("read sound device failed");
return (-1);
}
if (n + nRD <= len) /*the len is not full */
nWR = nRD; /*write amount to sound data file */
else
nWR = len - n; /*len will be overflow */
unsigned long old_nWR = nWR; /*s hold nWR's old value */
unsigned long t = 0L; /*temp counter */

while (nWR > 0) {
if ((t = write(s_fd, buff, nWR)) < 0) {
perror("write sound data file failed");
return (-1);
}
nWR -= t;
}
n += old_nWR;
}
} else if (recd_or_play == ACT_PLAY) { /*write sound data to device*/
while (TRUE) {
nRD = 0L; /*read amount from sound device */
if ((nRD = read(s_fd, buff, BUFF_SIZE)) < 0) {
perror("read sound data file failed");
return (-1);
} else if (nRD == 0) { /*nRD == 0 means all sound stream output */
printf("sound data play complete!\n");
exit(0);
}
nWR = nRD;
while (nWR > 0) { /*write into device*/
if ((n = write(snd_fd, buff, nWR)) < 0) {
perror("write sound device file failed");
return (-1);
}
nWR -= n;
}
}
}
/*close sound device and sound data file*/
CloseDevice(snd_fd);
CloseFile(s_fd);
return (0);
}
/*
* OpenDevice():open sound device
* params:
* dev_name -- device name,such as /dev/dsp
* flag -- flag(ACT_RECORD or ACT_PLAY)
* returns:
* file descriptor of sound device if sucess
* -1 if failed
*/
int OpenDevice(const char *dev_name, unsigned int flag)
{
int dev_fd;
/*open sound device */
if (flag == ACT_RECORD) {
if ((dev_fd = open(dev_name, O_RDONLY)) < 0) {
return (-1);
}
} else if (flag == ACT_PLAY) {
if ((dev_fd = open(dev_name, O_WRONLY)) < 0) {
return (-1);
}
}
return (dev_fd);
}
/*
* CloseDevice():close the sound device
* params:
* dev_fd -- the sound device's file descriptor
* returns:
* 0 if success
* -1 if error occured
*/
int CloseDevice(unsigned int dev_fd)
{
return (close(dev_fd));
}
/*
* OpenFile():open sound data file
* params:
* file_name -- file name,e.g,record.wav
* flag -- flag(ACT_RECORD or ACT_PLAY)
* returns:
* file descriptor of sound data file if sucess
* -1 if failed
*/
int OpenFile(const char *file_name, unsigned int flag)
{
int file_fd;
/*open sound data file */
if (flag == ACT_RECORD) {
if ((file_fd = open(file_name, O_WRONLY)) < 0) {
return (-1);
}
} else if (flag == ACT_PLAY) {
if ((file_fd = open(file_name, O_RDONLY)) < 0) {
return (-1);
}
}
return (file_fd);
}
/*
* CloseFile():close the sound data file
* params:
* file_fd -- the sound data file's descriptor
* returns:
* 0 if success
* -1 if error occured
*/
int CloseFile(unsigned int file_fd)
{
return (close(file_fd));
}
/*
* SetFormat():Set Record and Playback format
* params;
* fd -- device file descriptor
* chn -- channel(MONO or STEREO)
* bits -- FMT8BITS(8bits), FMT16BITS(16bits)
* hz -- FMT8K(8000HZ), FMT16K(16000HZ), FMT22K(22000HZ),
* FMT44K(44000HZ),FMT48K(48000HZ)
* returns:
* return 0 if success, else return -1
* notes:
* parameter setting order should be like as:
* 1.sample format(number of bits)
* 2.number of channels(mono or stereo)
* 3.sampling rate(speed)
*/
int SetFormat(unsigned int fd, unsigned int bits, unsigned int chn,
unsigned int hz)
{
int ioctl_val;
/* set bit format */
ioctl_val = bits;
if (ioctl(fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SETFMT, &ioctl_val) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Set fmt to bit %d failed:%s\n", bits,
strerror(errno));
return (-1);
}
if (ioctl_val != bits) {
fprintf(stderr, "do not support bit %d, supported %d\n", bits,
ioctl_val);
return (-1);
}
/*set channel */
ioctl_val = chn;
if ((ioctl(fd, SNDCTL_DSP_CHANNELS, &ioctl_val)) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Set Audio Channels %d failed:%s\n", chn,
strerror(errno));
return (-1);
}
if (ioctl_val != chn) {
fprintf(stderr, "do not support channel %d,supported %d\n", chn,
ioctl_val);
return (-1);
}
/*set speed */
ioctl_val = hz;
if (ioctl(fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SPEED, &ioctl_val) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Set speed to %d failed:%s\n", hz,
strerror(errno));
return (-1);
}
if (ioctl_val != hz) {
fprintf(stderr, "do not support speed %d,supported is %d\n", hz,
ioctl_val);
return (-1);
}
return (0);
}
/*
* Usage():print help information
* params:(none)
* returns:(none)
*/
void Usage(void)
{
printf
("run: ./SndKit [-h] [-d device] [-c channel] [-b bits] [-f hz] [-l len] <-r|-p file>\n"
"Description: implent raw sound record/play\n" "option:\n"
"\t -h: print help informations\n"
"\t -d device: assign sound device to record or playback(default /dev/dsp)\n"
"\t -c channel: indicate in MONO or STEREO channel(default MONO)\n"
"\t -b bits: assign sampling bits depth(default 8bits unsigned)\n"
"\t -f hz: indicate sampling rate,i.e,frequence(default 8kbps)\n"
"\t -l len: indicate recording sound's length(default 1024k)\n"
"\t -r|-p file: indicate record in or playback(no default,must give out explicitly)\n"
"e.g.:\n"
"\t ./SndKit -h show help information\n"
"\t ./SndKit -r record.wav record audio from microphone(/dev/dsp)\n"
"\t ./SndKit -d /dev/dsp -p record.wav playback record.wav via /dev/dsp\n"
"\t ./SndKit -b 8 -f 22 -r reacord.wav record audio in 8 bit & 22k hz\n"
"\t ./SndKit -d /dev/dsp -c 2 -r record.wav record audio in /dev/dsp and stereo\n"
"\t ./SndKit -r -l 40 record.wav record 40k audio data in record.wav\n");
}





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