Stallman分析微軟Codeplex意圖及對自由軟體的影響

火星人 @ 2014-03-12 , reply:0


  

RMS大叔分析微軟建立Codeplex的意圖,及其對自由軟體的影響




RMS大叔的blog原文在
http://www.fsf.org/blogs/rms/microsoft-codeplex-foundation

以下信息來自 自由軟體基金會 Tue, 06 Oct 2009 09:33:16 -0400 的郵件列表,原標題為[FSF] Microsoft's Codeplex Foundation

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由於個人精力、水平有限,只節選並意譯、介紹某些關鍵句子(紅色字體) 如下:

CodePlex follows the same practice. Its stated goal is to convince
"commercial software companies" to contribute more to "open source".
Since nearly all open source programs are also free software, these
programs will probably be free, but the "open source" philosophy doesn't
teach developers to defend their freedom. If they don't understand the
importance of this freedom, developers may succumb to Microsoft's ploys
encouraging them to use weaker licenses that are vulnerable to "embrace
and extend" or patent co-optation, and to make free software dependent
on proprietary platforms.

意譯:如果開發者不理解軟體自由的重要性,他們或許會被誤導,以致使用脆弱的、非自由的軟體協議,使自由軟體依賴於私有軟體平台。

This confusion is a serious problem because it falsely claims free
software business to be impossible. Many software companies already
contribute to free software, and these commercial contributions are
quite useful. Perhaps Microsoft would like people to assume these facts
are impossible.

Based on these facts, we can see that CodePlex will encourage developers
not to think about freedom. It will subtly spread the idea that free
software business is impossible without the support of a proprietary
software company like Microsoft. However, it may convince some
proprietary software companies to release additional free software. Will
that be a contribution to computer users' freedom?

意譯:微軟將藉此巧妙地傳播“沒有私有軟體公司的支持,自由軟體商業不可能存在”的理念。

Sam Ramji, now president of CodePlex, said a few months ago that
Microsoft (then his employer) wanted to promote development of free
applications that encourage use of Microsoft Windows
(http://www.internetnews.com/dev-news/article.php/3811941). Perhaps the
aim of CodePlex is to suborn free software application developers into
making Windows their main platform. Many of the projects hosted now on
codeplex.com are add-ons for proprietary software. These programs are
caught in a trap similar to the former Java Trap (see
http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/java-trap.html).

意譯:建立CodePlex的目的可能是收買自由軟體開發者將Windows作為他們的主要開發平台,讓自由軟體成私有軟體的附屬品。

That would be harmful if it succeeds, because a program that doesn't run
(or doesn't run well) in the Free World does not contribute to our
freedom. A non-free program takes away its users' freedom. To avoid
being harmed in that way, we need to reject proprietary system platforms
as well as proprietary applications. CodePlex free add-ons to a
proprietary base increase society's dependence on that base -- the
opposite of what we need.

意譯:運行在非自由環境上的自由軟體,對我們的自由沒有貢獻、沒有好處。我們必需拒絕私有軟體系統,一如拒絕使用私有軟體、私有函數庫。

(商業軟體和私有軟體的區別 見 http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html#Commercial)

If the CodePlex Foundation wishes to be a real contributor to the free
software community, it must not aim at free add-ons to non-free
packages. It needs to encourage development of portable software capable
of running on free platforms based on GNU/Linux and other free operating
systems. If it tries to seduce us into going in the opposite direction,
we must make sure to refuse.

意譯:如果CodePlex基金會真的想對自由軟體社區做貢獻,他不應該將自由軟體當作非自由軟體的附屬品。他應該鼓勵軟體開發人員為自由軟體平台,如GNU/Linux,開發軟體。

網路資源


1. CodePlex 維基百科
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-cn/CodePlex

2. RMS大叔的博客
http://www.fsf.org/blogs/rms
  
3. 訂閱GNU郵件列表
http://www.gnu.org/

gnu 自由軟體 rms




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